Vice Presidential Vacancies


Chart of Vice Presidential Vacancies Prior to Spiro Agnew's Resignation

Sixteen times between the United States' founding in 1789 and 1967, the vice presidency was vacant, roughly once per decade on average. Of these: 

  • Eight times the Vice President replaced a President who had died
  • Seven times Vice President died in office; and in one case
  • One time the incumbent Vice President resigned.

Vice President

Term Elected

Date of Vacancy

Reason

President

George Clinton (R)

1809-1813

4/20/1812

Death

James Madison

Elbridge Gerry (R)

1813-1817

11/23/1814

Death

James Madison

John C. Calhoun (D)

1829-1833

12/28/1832

Resignation

Andrew Jackson

John Tyler (Whig)

1841-1845

4/6/1841

Death of President Harrison

William Henry Harrison

Millard Fillmore (Whig)

1849-1853

7/10/1850

Death of President Taylor

Zachary Taylor

William King (D)

1853-1857

4/18/1853

Death

Franklin Pierce

Andrew Johnson (R)

1865-1869

4/15/1865

Assassination of Pres. Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln

Henry Wilson (R)

1873-1877

11/22/1875

Death

Ulysses S. Grant

Chester A. Arthur (R)

1881-1885

9/20/1881

Assassination of Pres. Garfield

James A. Garfield

Thomas Hendricks (D)

1885-1889

11/25/1885

Death

Grover Cleveland

Garrett A. Hobart (R)

1897-1901

11/21/1899

Death

William McKinley

Theodore Roosevelt

1901-1905

9/14/01

Assassination of Pres. McKinley

William McKinley

James S. Sherman (R)

1909-1913

10/30/12

Death

Willam Howard Taft

Calvin Coolidge (R)

1921-1925

8/3/23

Death of President Harding

Warren G. Harding

Harry S Truman (D)

1945-1949

4/12/45

Death of President Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Lyndon B. Johnson (D)

1961-1965

11/22/63

Assassination of Pres. Kennedy

John F. Kennedy