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Lincoln's Farewell Address (1861)

Above is the typed version of Abraham Lincoln's Farewell Address to the people of Springfield, IL, as published by the American News Company.  Since Lincoln's impromptu oral address was not transcribed at the time it was spoken, we will never know exactly what Lincoln said. However, several people who witnessed the speech, wrote what they recalled. One version is printed above.   

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WWII Animals (1941-1945)

Animals have been used to aid military efforts for thousands of years. The U.S. military in WWII enlisted animals to carry supplies, transmit messages, track enemies, protect troops, and more. An estimated 20,000 dogs served in various U.S. Military branches during WWII. 

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Women Against Women's Right to Vote (1918)

In the decades leading up to the ratification of the 19th Amendment in 1920,  as the women's suffrage movement was growing, an anti-suffragist movement also emerged. Dozens of State and national anti-suffrage organizations were created. Many of the leaders of the anti-suffrage movement were actually women. 

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Nixon Declines to Obey Subpoena (1973)

In the letter below from President Nixon to Judge Sirica, Nixon states he refusal to obey the subpoena and turn over his tapes. Nixon cites the long historical precedent of U.S. Presidents not adhering to court orders, noting that official communications between government department heads...

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Iowa Statehood Request (1844)

On the 4th of July in 1838, the U.S. Congress established the Territory of Iowa, which had a population about roughly 23,000 at the time. A movement quickly emerged within Iowa to push for statehood and less than a decade later on December 28th, 1846 Iowa became the 29th...

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