The State of Georgia

Journey Through Georgia's History and Trivia

Welcome to our Georgia history and trivia page, presented by History By Mail. Join us as we embark on a journey through the captivating past and cultural tapestry of the Peach State. From Native American tribes to European settlers and the modern era, we'll explore Georgia's hidden gems and challenge your knowledge with entertaining quizzes. Let's uncover the rich history and intriguing trivia of Georgia together.

Georgia, known as the Peach State, is a land of remarkable history and diverse heritage. From the indigenous peoples who first inhabited the land to the European explorers who arrived centuries later, Georgia holds a captivating legacy. From the vibrant city of Atlanta to the charming streets of Savannah, Georgia showcases a blend of cultures, historic landmarks, and a deep connection to its natural landscapes.

Join us as we unravel the intriguing history and trivia of Georgia, delving into its role in shaping American history, its contributions to music and the arts, and the fascinating stories that make it a unique and cherished part of our nation's heritage.

Facts About Georgia

State Abbreviation: GA

Capital: Atlanta

Name Origin: Georgia was named after King George II, who approved the colony’s charter in 1732.

Nickname: Peach State, Empire State of the South

Statehood: January 2, 1788 (4th State)

State Motto: Wisdom, justice, and moderation

Georgia's Flag

Within the arch, three symbols are displayed. The first symbol is a shield with 13 stripes, representing Georgia's original colonies and its strong commitment to the United States. The second symbol is the state motto, "Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation," which highlights Georgia's dedication to sound governance and balanced decision-making. The third symbol is an image of the state's main crop, a cotton plant, which represents Georgia's agricultural heritage.

Surrounding the seal, there are 13 stars, which signify Georgia's position as one of the original thirteen colonies. The stars are arranged in a circle to represent unity and the state's role in the formation of the United States.

Above the emblem, a banner with the state name, "Georgia," is displayed. This banner is supported by two figures, a male farmer holding a plow and a female figure representing peace. These figures symbolize Georgia's strong agricultural tradition and its desire for peaceful relations.

Below the emblem, there is another banner that reads "In God We Trust," reflecting Georgia's faith and belief in divine guidance.

Georgia's Great Seal

The Georgia State Seal, adopted in 1799, features a circular design that encompasses the state's rich symbolism and historical significance. At the center of the seal, an intricate image portrays a scene that represents various elements of Georgia's heritage and identity.

The dominant image in the seal is that of three pillars supporting an arch. These pillars represent the principles of wisdom, justice, and moderation, which are essential to Georgia's governance and society.

Within the arch, there is a central image of the state coat of arms. The coat of arms features a shield with three columns representing the three branches of government: the judiciary, the legislature, and the executive. Above the shield, there is an image of an arch displaying the words "Constitution" and "Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation," emphasizing the importance of the state's constitution and the guiding principles it upholds.

Surrounding the coat of arms, there is a circular band that contains the text "State of Georgia" at the top and "1776" at the bottom. These phrases signify Georgia's status as a state and its role in the founding of the United States.

Within the circular band, there are images representing Georgia's diverse resources and industries. These include an agriculture scene with a farmer and a plow, symbolizing the state's rich agricultural heritage, and a miner with mining equipment, representing Georgia's mineral wealth and mining industry.

Above the scene, there are thirteen stars arranged in a semicircular arc, representing Georgia's original thirteen colonies and its historical connection to the United States.


History of Georgia

Georgia's rich history begins with the exploration of its lands by Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto in 1540. Conflicting claims between Britain and Spain emerged, but eventually, Gen. James Oglethorpe secured a royal charter and established Georgia's first permanent settlement in 1733. The settlement served as a refuge for English debtors. Oglethorpe further defended Georgia in the Battle of Bloody Marsh, successfully repelling Spanish invaders in 1742.

During the Civil War, Georgia played a significant role as a Confederate stronghold, witnessing extensive military action. Union general William T. Sherman's infamous "March to the Sea" led to the burning of Atlanta and the destruction of a wide path to the coast. In 1864, Sherman captured Savannah.

As the largest state in the southeast, Georgia exemplifies the changing face of the South, experiencing ongoing industrial development. Atlanta, the state's largest city, stands as the communication and transportation hub of the Southeast and serves as the primary distribution center for the region's goods.

Georgia holds national prominence in various industries. It leads the nation in the production of paper and board, tufted textile products, and processed chicken. The state's manufacturing sector also encompasses transportation equipment, food products, apparel, and chemicals.

Agriculturally, Georgia thrives with crops such as corn, cotton, tobacco, soybeans, eggs, and peaches. The state surpasses all others in peanut production, and its vast pine forests contribute over half of the world's resins and turpentine, along with 74.4 percent of the U.S. supply. Georgia also excels in the extraction of marble, kaolin, barite, and bauxite.

Georgia's diverse attractions draw tourists from far and wide. The Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge, Andersonville Prison Park and National Cemetery, Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Warm Springs' Little White House (where President Franklin D. Roosevelt passed away in 1945), Sea Island, the monumental Confederate Memorial at Stone Mountain, Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park, and Cumberland Island National Seashore are among the state's principal points of interest. Notably, the world's largest indoor aquarium, the Georgia Aquarium, opened in 2005, showcasing over 100,000 aquatic animals, including the only whale sharks in captivity outside of Asia.

  • State Bird

    Brown Thrasher (1935)

  • State Fish

    Largemouth Bass (1970)

  • State Flower

    Cherokee Rose (1916)

  • State Fossil

    Shark Tooth (1976)

  • State Mammal

    Right Whale (1985)

  • State Gem

    Quartz (1976)

  • State Reptile

    Gopher Tortoise (1989)

  • State Soil


  • State Mineral

    Staurolite (1976)

  • State Tree

    Southern Live Oak (1937)

  • State Wildflower


  • State Song

    “Georgia on My Mind" (1922)

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Fun Facts

  • Visit Radium Springs, natural hot springs that flow from the ground at 70,000 gallons a minute.
  • President Jimmy Carter and Martin Luther King, Jr. lived here.
  • Take a horse-drawn carriage ride in the city of Savannah to see cobbled streets, beautiful parks, and 18th-century architecture.

Trivia Q&A #2

Things To Do in Georgia

  • Explore the Historic District of Savannah: Take a stroll through the picturesque streets of Savannah, Georgia's oldest city. Admire the well-preserved antebellum architecture, visit historic landmarks like Forsyth Park and the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, and learn about the city's rich history and Southern charm.
  • Hike in the Appalachian Mountains: Georgia is home to a section of the iconic Appalachian Mountains, offering breathtaking natural beauty and outdoor adventures. Explore trails in places like the Chattahoochee National Forest or visit Amicalola Falls State Park, where you can hike to the highest waterfall in Georgia and enjoy stunning views.
  • Visit the Georgia Aquarium in Atlanta: Located in downtown Atlanta, the Georgia Aquarium is one of the largest aquariums in the world. Immerse yourself in a marine wonderland and encounter a variety of fascinating sea creatures, including beluga whales, whale sharks, penguins, and more. Don't miss the opportunity to dive or snorkel with the whale sharks for an unforgettable experience.
  • Tour the Antebellum Plantations: Experience the grandeur and history of Georgia's antebellum era by visiting one of the beautifully preserved plantations. Places like the Oak Alley Plantation in Natchez or the Wormsloe Historic Site in Savannah offer guided tours that provide insights into the lives of plantation owners and their workers, as well as the cultural heritage of the region.
  • Indulge in Southern Cuisine: Georgia is renowned for its delicious Southern cuisine, so be sure to sample some of the local dishes. Treat yourself to classics like fried chicken, shrimp and grits, collard greens, and peach cobbler. Visit Atlanta's Ponce City Market or Savannah's City Market for a wide selection of restaurants serving Southern delicacies, and experience the flavors that define Georgia's culinary traditions.

General Map of Georgia

Georgia, known as the "Peach State" and located in the southeastern region of the United States, offers a rich tapestry of attractions and activities that showcase its captivating history, scenic beauty, and vibrant cities. From historic landmarks to breathtaking mountains and charming coastal areas, Georgia provides a diverse range of experiences for visitors to enjoy.

  • Conrad Aiken

    (August 5, 1889 - Savannah) - Pulitzer Prize-winning American poet, novelist, and critic known for his contributions to modernist literature.

  • Erskine Caldwell

    (December 17, 1903 - Coweta County) - American writer and novelist known for his works that explored the social and economic issues of the American South. His most famous novel, "Tobacco Road," became a bestseller and a controversial play.

  • Jimmy Carter

    (October 1, 1924 - Plains) - 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981. He was born and raised in Georgia, and his presidency was marked by efforts towards peace, human rights, and environmental conservation.

  • Ray Charles

    (September 23, 1930 - Albany) - Legendary musician, singer, and songwriter, was a pioneer in blending various musical genres like soul, rhythm and blues, and gospel.

  • Ty Cobb

    (December 18, 1886 - Narrows) - Legendary baseball player and one of the most accomplished hitters in Major League Baseball history. He played for the Detroit Tigers and set numerous records during his career, earning him a place in the Baseball Hall of Fame.

  • Ossie Davis

    (December 18, 1917 - Cogdell) - Distinguished actor, writer, and director known for his contributions to African American theater, film, and civil rights activism.

Trivia Q&A #3

Related Resources

  1. Official Website of the State of Georgia: The official website provides information about the state government, services, business resources, tourism, and more. Visit:
  2. Georgia Department of Economic Development: Explore economic development opportunities, business resources, and tourism information for Georgia. Visit:
  3. Georgia State Parks & Historic Sites: Discover Georgia's beautiful state parks, historic sites, recreational activities, and camping options. Visit:
  4. Georgia Department of Natural Resources: Learn about Georgia's natural resources, wildlife management, conservation efforts, and outdoor recreational activities. Visit:
  5. Georgia Historical Society: Explore Georgia's rich history through educational programs, research resources, publications, and events. Visit:
  6. Georgia Civil Rights Trail: Explore significant landmarks and sites related to the Civil Rights Movement in Georgia. Visit:
  7. Georgia Music Foundation: Learn about Georgia's music heritage, renowned musicians, and support initiatives for music education and preservation. Visit:
  8. Georgia Museum of Art: Discover a diverse collection of artworks, exhibitions, and educational programs at the Georgia Museum of Art in Athens. Visit:
  9. Atlanta History Center: Experience the history and culture of Atlanta and the American South through exhibitions, historic homes, gardens, and educational programs. Visit:
  10. Savannah Historic District: Explore the charming historic district of Savannah, known for its well-preserved architecture, beautiful squares, and rich history. Visit: